Mount Kilimanjaro Trekking Guide

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You might have heard of the fascinating Mount Kilimanjaro views that the Amboseli National Park in Kenya has to offer. What if we told you there’s an even more special way of getting closer to the tallest mountain in Africa? 

Picture-perfect views and endless adventures

Like most other destinations in Tanzania, the Kilimanjaro National Park brings you closer to exotic animals such as elephants, buffalos, monkeys, elands and leopards in the very first day of your journey. But that’s not what you’re here for.

Wildlife, trekking, mountain climbing – all rolled into one

A Kilimanjaro trek also brings you to the foot of the mountain, giving you a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to climb to the top of Africa and gaze at one of the most picturesque free-standing mountains on the planet.

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Kilimanjaro Trek Ratings

Annual Visitors: 75,000   Wildlife Rating:    
Size: 1688 sq. kms.   Scenery Rating:     
Maximum Altitude: 19,340 feet (5,895m)   Bush Vibe:    
Location: 116 kms. (72 miles) from Arusha   Trekking:     
Commonly Visited: Arusha NP, Serengeti NP, Ngorongoro      

Pros and Cons


  • Magnificent scenery
  • Wildlife safari coupled with trekking adventures
  • A chance to climb the tallest free-standing mountain on the planet


  • Limited wildlife viewing opportunities
  • Altitude sickness can be a real problem for some

Birds and Animals of Kilimanjaro National Park

While animal sightings are more common in the lower rainforest slopes of the Kilimanjaro, you’ve got to have a bit of luck by your side to enjoy bird and animal sightings. The most common sightings include mouse and monkeys, but you never know when a majestic beast decides to grace you with its presence. 

Elusive, but available

Blue monkeys and colobus monkeys can be seen by the dozen close to the Londorossi Gate on the Rongai Route. Leopards, civets, olive baboons and mongoose are also said to live in these slopes. Aadvark and honey badgers often making an appearance on rare occasions, and while the long-snouted anteater might not hurt you, make sure you stay away from the badger. Even the proud lions prefer to leave them alone.

Common Animal Sightings

Blue Monkey
Portrait of a blue diademed monkey
Bushbucks are one of the most widespread kinds of African antelopes
African Buffalo
The African buffalo is one of the most successful grazers in Africa
The common eland
Taurotragus in the African savannah
Black and white Colobus Monkey
The Colobus monkey in a tree
Kilimanjaro giraffe,
A giraffe in the African bush

Bushbabies might be sighted closer to the cultivated zones, particularly at night, jumping from one hut to the other.

As you gain altitude, wildlife sightings begin to diminish. Your best bet of checking out African species above the tree line include the four-striped grass mouse and mole rats. For anything larger than rats, you may want to venture to the Shira Plateau, a place where buffalo and lions often make their presence felt.

Elands and bushbucks are some of the common creatures that also make their way up the slopes, but like you, they’re probably just there for a day or two to enjoy the scenery.

Common Bird Sightings

Picture of a red-whiskered bulbul
Hartlaub's Turaco
Close-up image of Hartlaub's Turaco
Silvery cheeked Hornbills
Silvery cheeked Hornbills sitting on the branch of a tree
Malachite Sunbird
Male malachite Sunbird on protea bush
Ruppell's robin chat
Ruppell's robin chat
Speckled mousebirds
Speckled mousebird drinking water at a waterhole

Animals sightings might be scarce, but you’re surely in for a treat when it comes to bird watching. The forested areas are full of Hartlaub’s turaco, noisy green colored creatures that are easy to spot. Speckled mousebirds and silvery-cheeked hornbills can be seen lazing near fig trees.

A treat for bird-lovers

As you gain elevation, the white-necked raven makes sure its presence is felt constantly. The elusive alpine swift also enjoys the chilly conditions and you might spot one or two during your trek. The most stunning bird to watch out for is the malachite sunbird known for those two small patches of scarlet on its chest.

And if its majestic beasts you’re after, keep an eye out for the rare lammergeyer, a humongous vulture that has a wedge tail and incredibly long wings.

Things to Do in Kilimanjaro National Park

Covering an area of 291 sq. miles, this UNESCO World Heritage Site predominantly attracts visitors with a plethora of treks and mountain climbing adventures, but there’s a lot more to good ol’ Kili than high peaks and hiking.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
Giraffe peeking with Mount Kilimanjaro in the back
Kilimanjaro safaris
Kibo Peak
Kibo Peak
Shira Plateau
Shira Plateau
Chala Crater Lake
Chala Crater Lake
Olpopongi cultural village
Maasai tribesmen

Check out our guide on the top things to do while climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.

Popular Routes for Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro

Now that you’ve decided to conquer the highest peak of Africa, it’s time to choose the route that suits you the most. There are as many as six routes to choose from and no one route offers the ‘best’ experience. There are some that suit newbie climbers more while others pose an exciting challenge for pros. The four main routes used to climb Mount Kilimanjaro are –

  • Marangu Route Popularly called the Coca Cola Route, Marangu offers the classic trekking experience. It is considered to be the easiest way to the top, and it has sleeping huts with dorm-style accommodations.
  • Machame Route Machame’s popularity means that this route is always crowded, but it still manages to attract people from all over. It is less expensive than most other routes, and can be completed in just 6 days. Its sheer beauty and diversity and those memorable sights always leave you in awe.
  • Lemosho Route Lemosho’s breathtaking beauty sets it apart from the rest. It’s a wee bit more demanding, but you’re rewarded with mesmerizing scenery at every step. Better yet, its less crowded than Marangu and Machame.
  • Rongai Route Rongai is the only route that starts from the Northern slopes, known for their ample wildlife sightings. This moderately-difficult route is ideal for those looking for a remote hike up the mountain and it only takes 6 – 7 days.
Scenic views in Kilimanjaro National Park
Scenic views of Kilimanjaro National Park

There are two more routes you can choose from. While these routes aren’t as popular as the ones mentioned above, they can be extremely exciting and beautiful. 

  • Umbwe Route The extremely difficult, yet incredibly beautiful, Umbwe is not for the faint-hearted. The journey is very steep and certain sections are only navigable because you can use tree roots as steps. But if you’re experienced at mountain climbing, this is where you need to be.
  • Northern Circuit As the newest route up the mountain, Northern Circuit obviously gets a lot of attention. Its scenery is spectacular, and the summit success rates are over the roof, but mind you, this route can end up being quite expensive.

Best Time to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro

January to February and July to October are some of the best months for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.

The worst months are April, May and November due to a high level of precipitation. That said, due to the generally friendly climate it is indeed possible to climb Kilimanjaro all year round.

Getting There

Most Kilimanjaro operators are based out of Moshi, a haven for coffee lovers. The best way to get to there is to fly into the Kilimanjaro International Airport and drive down to Moshi. Many international carriers land at Dar es Salaam International Airport, so you’d also need a charter flight to KIA. It might also make sense to fly into Nairobi Airport and take a connecting flight to Kilimanjaro International Airport. 

Another way to get to Moshi is by bus. Moshi is an important transport hub in Tanzania and is well connected to Dar es Salaam and Arusha. Bus rides can be rather long and tiresome though.


Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro isn’t dangerous, but basic precautions need to be taken to ensure your safety. Please make sure you keep the following tips in mind when planning your Kilimanjaro climb.

  • Proper acclimatization is essential. Make sure you choose a 7-day itinerary if you’re not experienced at climbing. Familiarizing yourself on how to deal with altitude sickness before you make the journey is equally essential.
  • Communicate with your porters and guides before heading off to the mountain. Having the right people around you can make a world of difference to your success rates and overall experience.
Published by Rasmus Juul Olsen, updated on September 7, 2022
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