From the ancient ruins of Ephesus to the craggy desert of Cappadocia to the beautiful beach resorts of Antalya, every corner of Turkey is worth visiting. As the bridge between Europe and Asia, the country boasts a diverse culture and heritage, while the number of things to do in Turkey also knows no bounds. Here is our Turkey Travel Guide that tells you all there is to know about this dynamic destination, including the best time to visit and how many days to spend in Turkey.
If you are planning a trip to Turkey, you can expect good food, unbeatable landscapes, and fascinating history. Known as “the country of four seasons”, Turkey offers great vacation options. With just 7 days in Turkey, you can cover its pristine beaches to biblical sites and find several other treasures along the way. If you visit Turkey in April you will be greeted by millions of Tulips in bloom in Istanbul. A trip to Turkey in September promises great weather with fewer crowds. Even light snowfall transforms the central highlands of Turkey into a show-stopping scene, and that is not even mentioning the treasure trove of cultural marvels on offer. Grand palaces, mesmerizing dances and music, intricate artwork, and delectable food all make up the bright tapestry of Turkish life.
Considering it is larger than any country in Europe, navigating the ins and outs of a tour to Turkey might be tricky, but this Turkey Travel Guide will have you clued up in no time.
Top Destinations in Turkey
Discover the highlights of Turkey.
Istanbul is the “City of the World's Desire”, a nickname it does not take lightly. The city not only oozes culture and tradition, but also embraces the “new”. Scour the Grand Bazaar for traditional wares or visit any number of museums, mosques, and galleries to get a glimpse of the ancient culture that makes this city tick. View Tours
For thousands of years, Turkey has been at the forefront of global events as the East and the West have made deep footprints through this corridor. Ephesus is one of the magnificent reminders of Turkey’s illustrious past where you can walk the streets of one of the most prolific ancient cities the world has known. View Tours
Taking a hot-air balloon ride above the karst sandstone cliffs of Cappadocia is one the top bucket list wishes of many travelers. Cappadocia is arguably one of the best places in the world to enjoy a once-in-a-lifetime hot-air balloon ride at sunrise. Glide high into the air along with around 100 other airships and be a part of this fairytale experience. View Tours
What to do in Turkey
Read all about the top things to do in Turkey.
Cruise holidays in Turkey are fast becoming one of the most popular choices among travelers. From the eclectic Mediterranean in the south to the Aegean sea in the west and the tranquil black sea coast in the north, Turkey offers unmatched cruise experienc ...Read more
Turkey at a Glance
Quick facts about Turkey.
Ankara is the capital city of Turkey. It is the junction of most of the major roads in the country and is also Turkey’s largest industrial city. It might seem modern at first glance, but the city has been occupied since 2000 BC with significant expansion since 1000 BC.
Turkey covers an area of 783,562 square kilometers. Most of Turkey’s major highways run through Ankara, and there is a high-speed railway connecting the capital to Istanbul.
+90. If you are in Istanbul, there are two area codes: 212 is for the Europe side and 216 for the Asian side.
Turkey uses the Turkish Lira. The currency code is TRY. Most tourist cities have currency exchanges and card services are widely available. But ATM fees are high and you will need some cash for markets and transportation.
Istanbul International Airport is the main airport in Turkey. Located around 40 kilometers northwest of central Istanbul, it is one of two large airports in the city. CODE: IST CLOSEST CITY: ISTANBUL
Most visitors need an e-visa to enter Turkey. The process is simple and hassle-free and takes around 15 minutes to complete. The fee is different for most nationalities. We recommend checking your country's travel advisories in advance of booking a trip.
The official language of Turkey is Turkish. More than 90 percent of the country speaks Turkish as their first language. But in tourist-heavy cities, you will find many people speaking English. Greeting people in their native tongue is a great way to break the ice and “Merhaba” is the most common way to say hello.
Dialing 112 will get you in contact with an ambulance while 155 is the number for the police service in Turkey.
Turkey is predominantly an Islamic country so you will hear the call to prayer five times a day. Keep prayer times in mind, as many of the mosques are closed to visitors when worshipers are inside. Women should also carry a headscarf around, as many tourist attractions have religious sites where you will need to cover up.
When to visit Turkey
Read the below travel guides to find the best time to visit Turkey.
- JanAvg Daily: 3 ° CAvg Nightly: -5 ° C
- FebAvg Daily: 5 ° CAvg Nightly: -4 ° C
- MarAvg Daily: 11 ° CAvg Nightly: -2 ° C
- AprAvg Daily: 16 ° CAvg Nightly: 3 ° C
- MayAvg Daily: 20 ° CAvg Nightly: 6 ° C
- JunAvg Daily: 25 ° CAvg Nightly: 9 ° C
- JulAvg Daily: 28 ° CAvg Nightly: 12 ° C
- AugAvg Daily: 28 ° CAvg Nightly: 12 ° C
- SepAvg Daily: 25 ° CAvg Nightly: 8 ° C
- OctAvg Daily: 18 ° CAvg Nightly: 3 ° C
- NovAvg Daily: 11 ° CAvg Nightly: -1 ° C
- DecAvg Daily: 5 ° CAvg Nightly: -3 ° C
If you are visiting Turkey in January, you have picked a great time for a ski holiday adventure. Far away from the sweaty and crowded peak season of summer, Turkey is cold and parts of it are blanketed with snow in January. Fewer tourists and cheaper rate ...Read more
Ski up a storm on the Turkish slopes, dine on doner and kebabs, and explore Istanbul or Cappadoccia without throngs of tourists. Although likely too chilly for the beach, February in Turkey still has its perks, especially for those on a budget. Visiting T ...Read more
As winter transitions into spring, the weather in Turkey can get unpredictable at the beginning of March. But from mid-March onwards, spring is clearly in the air and temperatures start warming up. Explore the splendid Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, get lost ...Read more
With spring in full swing, Turkey sees pleasant weather conditions during April. The air is fresh, leaves have turned green and days are neither too hot nor too cold. There are tons of things to do on your trip to Turkey in April, thanks to the weather al ...Read more
An abundance of cultural festivals and warm weather make the early summer month of May in Turkey an ideal time to visit. Explore fabulous natural landmarks like the Fairy Chimneys or the Blue Lagoon and check out ancient wonders (think the Hagia Sophia) b ...Read more
Where to go in Turkey
Unravel the top destinations to visit in Turkey.
From karst expanses to tranquil coasts and cities teaming with life, Turkey has it all. On the cusp of the East and the West, a unique destination awaits hungry travelers. The sunrise views over Cappadocia, the towering Minarets of Istanbul, and the gleam ...Read more
When we speak about western Turkey, most of us think of the Aegean coast. But western Turkey covers a large part of the country, encompassing Istanbul, Pamukkale, Ephesus, Antalya, the Lycian Way, and more. With a vibrant and mixed landscape, there are pl ...Read more
How long to stay in Turkey
Read about the ideal duration to stay in Turkey.
Straddling Asia and Europe, Turkey attract travelers from all corners of the earth thanks to its vibrant culture, sun-soaked Mediterranean beaches, and dazzling display of ancient monuments. While outdoor enthusiasts can trek the highlands of central ...Read more
Spending 5 days or less in Turkey should be enough to see the country's most iconic sights, such as the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia. But there's more to a Turkish holiday than Istanbul. Head to the Gallipoli Peninsula to unravel the history behind the Ga ...Read more
From spectacular views along the Mediterranean to monumental historic sights, there is a lot to do in 7 days in Turkey. Focus on a region or two during your week-long trip to make the most of your time. Book a trip to Istanbul and explore its backstreets ...Read more
Spending 10 days in Turkey offers you the chance to understand life in a land where East meets West. Take in the highlights of Istanbul and Cappadocia. Unravel the history of Homer’s Troy and stroll through Ephesus Roman ruins. Alternatively, go on ...Read more
WheGet under the skin of the country that straddles Asia and Europe during your 14 days in Turkey. Jaunt through its major cities like Istanbul and Ankara and follow the footsteps of Greeks and Romans in Troy, Pergamum and Ephesus. Alternatively, hike the ...Read more
Turkey Tour and Holiday Packages
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small group toursSee all small group tours in Turkey
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FAQs for Turkey
Read the most frequently asked questions and answers about traveling to Turkey below.
- What is the best time to visit Turkey?
- How many days should I spend on a visit to Turkey?
- Where should I visit in Turkey as a first time visitor?
- How much does a tour to Turkey cost?
- Is Turkey a tourist friendly country?
Sustainable travel — How to travel through Turkey responsibly
In line with Bookmundi’s vision, we wish to provide our travelers with a sustainable travel experience through Turkey. As part of this effort, we carbon-offset any Turkey tour that you purchase through us. You can read more details about our carbon offsetting efforts.
Here’s what you can do to travel Turkey more responsibly:
- Carbon-offset your transport to Turkey via Turkish Airlines. The moment your tour starts in Turkey, and provided that you have purchased your tour through Bookmundi, we will carbon-offset your tour from its starting point to its ending point.
- Calculate your carbon footprint at Carbonfootprint.com and choose from a list of projects you can donate to offset your carbon footprint. For instance, the Yesil Hydroelectric Power Plant is an innovative project in Turkey, looking to reduce carbon emissions.
- As part of Turkey’s “Safe Tourism Certification Program” more than 12,000 tourism facilities have been granted the certificate. You can go with the certified facilities to make your travel sustainable. Under the program, all aspects of the tourism industry are made sustainable, from accommodation to food to activities and transportation.
Turkey travel tips and insight
- The Turkish people are amazing hosts and you will receive a warm welcome.
- Do not show disrespect to national symbols and local customs.
- Most cities have ATMs and you should not have a problem using your debit or credit cards in resorts or cities.
- Traffic can be chaotic in Istanbul.