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Kruger National Park is the jewel in the crown of South Africa’s national parks and no trip to South Africa is complete without a visit. Not only is it one of the oldest reserves on the continent but it is also one of the best organised and best managed. The range of species that exist in the park is astounding and any trip to Kruger offers a real chance to see lions, leopards, hyenas, giraffes, hippos and many more. Kruger’s population of elephants is flourishing and Kruger is also home to around a quarter of the world’s population of wild rhinos. For these reasons, it is no wonder that Kruger is also one of the most popular safari destinations in Africa. Here is a guide to the best times to visit.
- Best time to visit: All year round. Depending on what do you want to see; each season has something different to offer.
- Peak season: It’s busy year-round. It is particularly busy during times corresponding with South African school holidays and accommodation at these times can be fully-booked months in advance.
- All seasons: April – May (fall), June – August (winter), September – October (spring), November – March (summer).
- The most notable seasons in Kruger are the dry season (May to September) and the rainy season (October to April).
- For spotting wildlife, the dry season is considered best. At this time, vegetation is sparse and animals are drawn to waterholes to drink.
- October marks the transition from dry season to wet season. Before the rains come, the park is at its driest and this is a good time to see animals. However, once the rains arrive, the park quickly turns green, meaning animals can stay hidden easily and become difficult to spot. Animals such as lions or leopards may be particularly difficult to spot. Rain can be unpredictable too.
- During the rainy season, there is a heightened malaria risk and anti-malarial prophylactics and other precautions are recommended.
- November and December are the best months for seeing newborns in the park.
- Daytime temperatures are warm year-round although during the South African summer can be uncomfortably hot.
- During the South African winter, nighttime temperatures can be cool and warm clothes may be required.
Since Kruger National Park can literally be explored all year round, we have refrained from categorizing the best time to visit the park into rigid seasons. Instead, we suggest recommended times to see the highlights of Kruger. You can decide when to go to Kruger, depending on what you want to see.
January to March
This is the end of the rainy season. There is still heavy rainfall, especially in January and February, but moving into March, the rains become less intense. Daytime temperatures are hot. At this time, the park is still very lush and it is not the best period for spotting animals. Conversely, this is when migratory birds arrive so it is a good time for bird-watching.
- Avg. temperature: 21°C - 32°C / 68°F - 89°F
- Rainfall: 68 - 93mm
- Season: Summer/Rainy season
- Highlights: Lush vegetation, migratory birds
In April, there is noticeably less rain although some still continues to fall. Temperatures begin to cool. Vegetation begins to change from green to brown, but conditions are not yet optimum for spotting animals.
- Avg. temperature: 16°C - 29°C / 61°F - 84°F
- Rainfall: 37mm
- Season: Autumn/end of rainy season
- Highlights: Lush vegetation begins to brown
May to June
By May, there is much less rainfall and vegetation becomes sparser. This significantly improves the conditions for spotting animals.
- Avg. temperature: 9°C - 27°C / 57°F - 83°F
- Rainfall: 11 - 14mm
- Season: Winter/start of dry season
- Highlights: Vegetation begins to thin, better conditions for spotting wildlife
July to September
By this time, there has been little rain for some time and the vegetation is at its sparsest. September, and the start of October in particular, see the park at its very driest. Water is scarce and animals are drawn to waterholes to drink. This is perhaps the best time of the year for seeing animals. During the dry season, malaria-carrying mosquitos are also much less common and the risk of contracting the disease is much reduced.
- Avg. temperature: 10°C - 27°C / 49°F - 80°F
- Rainfall: 9 - 26mm
- Season: Winter/dry season
- Highlights: Optimum conditions for spotting wildlife, low risk of malaria
The start of October is dry but later in the month, the rain arrives, bringing new life to the park’s vegetation. It is difficult to know exactly when the rains will arrive and, if visiting the park towards the end of October, it is hard to predict what the weather and conditions will be like.
- Avg. Temperature: 16°C - 30°C / 61°F - 86°F
- Rainfall: 43mm
- Season: Spring/end of dry season
- Highlights: Early in the month, conditions still excellent for spotting wildlife; after the rains arrive, ‘rebirth’ of the park and transformation of the landscape
November and December
By November and December, the rainy season is in full swing. The park turns green and spotting animals becomes more difficult. However, this is the time of year for calving and it can be possible to see newborns. Malaria-carrying mosquitos return and the risk of contracting the disease increases. Daytime temperatures begin to reach their hottest at this time of year and nights are warm.
- Avg. temperature: 19°C - 31°C / 66°F - 88°F
- Rainfall: 66 - 94mm
- Season: Summer/rainy season
- Highlights: Lush green landscape, possibility of spotting newborn animals
Kruger National Park is a year-round destination, remaining busy throughout the year, and each season brings a different atmosphere to the park. However, most people probably want to maximise their chances of seeing wild animals, and, this being the case, the best time to visit is during the dry season from May to the start of October. At this time, the odds of spotting the iconic animals that are the park’s prime attraction are at their greatest.