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Belgium Weather in October

The North Sea coast in Ostend at sunset in Belgium.
Discover the cool coastal retreats of Ostend and Knokke-Heist, where temperatures are refreshingly mild compared to the inland cities of Brussels and Antwerp.

October in Belgium marks the heart of the autumn season, bringing cooler temperatures and a kaleidoscope of fall colors, creating a scenic backdrop for your journey. The weather in Belgium in October is typically mild, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 10°C (50°F) to 15°C (59°F), while nighttime temperatures can drop to around 5°C (41°F). Coastal areas like Ostend and Knokke-Heist generally experience milder temperatures than inland regions such as Brussels and Antwerp. The Ardennes, with its high terrain, is colder than the rest of the country.

Rain is rather common in Belgium in October, so be prepared. The average rainfall varies between 50 millimeters and 80 millimeters depending from region to region. Coastal areas may receive slightly higher precipitation compared to inland regions. Despite the rain, the days offer around 10 to 11 hours of daylight, providing ample time for exploration.

For a more seasonal overview, check out our guide on the best time to visit Belgium.

Weather in Belgium in October - Rainfall and Temperatures

Avg Daily (°C)55101317192222191596
Avg Nightly (°C)1035811131311843
Avg Daily (°F)414150556366727266594843
Avg Nightly (°F)343237414652555552463937
Avg Rainfall (mm)705080607090705060707070

Why Visit Belgium in October

Different kinds of Belgian chocolate displayed in the local market of Belgi
Indulge in Belgium's October delights with chocolate shops showcasing irresistible seasonal treats that you simply can't miss
A hiker walking through colorful autumn
You will enjoy the crisp weather and stunning autumn hiking trails during October in Belgium.

October is a captivating time to visit Belgium, offering a perfect blend of cultural festivities, autumnal charm, and culinary delights. Below are some reasons why visiting Belgium in October is a great idea:

  • Festivals: October is a festive month in Belgium, featuring events like the Brussels Beer Weekend, where you can sample a variety of local brews. The Ghent Film Festival features films from Belgium and other parts of the world, attracting cinephiles from all over. Likewise, Halloween celebrations across the country, with themed parties and spooky attractions, entertain all ages.
  • Fall colors: The fall season transforms Belgium's parks, forests, and countryside into a canvas of red, orange, and yellow. The Ardennes region, in particular, is renowned for its stunning autumn scenery, providing ample opportunities for hiking, photography, and nature walks.
  • Seasonal cuisine: Belgian cuisine takes on a seasonal twist in October, with hearty dishes and seasonal ingredients coming to the forefront. Autumn is the perfect time to savor traditional Belgian stews, mussels, and game meat. Local markets brim with fresh produce, and chocolate shops offer seasonal treats.
  • Outdoor adventures: With the weather being mostly dry, October is an excellent time for hiking in Belgium’s countryside like the Ardennes region or Hoge National Parks. With fewer crowds around, it is also a great time to take a guided city tour to discover the rich history and architecture of places like Bruges, Antwerp and Leuven.

Where to Go and What to Do

A panoramic view of the old town of Dinant in Belgium in July.
The town of Dinant was a significant World War I battle sight when the Germans invaded Belgium.

Brussels, Bruges, Ghent, Antwerp, and the Ardennes region are some of the best places to visit in Belgium in October. Begin your tour in Brussels, Belgium's lively capital. Visit the Grand Place, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its spectacular architecture, which is particularly stunning when illuminated at night. Don't miss the Atomium, a recognizable remnant of the Brussels World Fair in 1958. Explore the city's rich cultural tapestry by visiting renowned museums such as the Magritte Museum and the Royal Museums of Fine Arts.

Next, take a trip to Bruges, famously dubbed the "Venice of the North" due to its charming canals. A boat tour here will offer a unique perspective of the historic center, while the Market Square, with its medieval architecture, makes an attractive setting for a leisurely stroll.

Ghent beckons with its vibrant arts scene including the Ghent Altarpiece at Saint Bavo's Cathedral, a masterpiece by the Van Eyck brothers. Delve into the city's history with a visit to the medieval Gravensteen Castle.

Head to Antwerp, Belgium’s dynamic second-largest city, next to marvel at masterpieces by Peter Paul Rubens at the Cathedral of Our Lady, and delve into the city's heritage at the MAS (Museum aan de Stroom). Antwerp also boasts trendy shopping streets, lively nightlife, and world-class culinary scene.

For a retreat into nature's embrace, head to the Ardennes region. Here, amidst dense forests, rolling hills, and picturesque villages, hiking and cycling trails await. Make a stop at Dinant, nestled along the Meuse River, for breathtaking cliffside vistas and the imposing Citadel of Dinant.

What to Bring

A woman traveler admiring the beauty of Brussels in Belgium.
Pack sweaters and a light jacket to stay warm in Belgium’s crisp October weather.

Given the variability of Belgium's weather in October, it's prudent to pack accordingly. Bring along layers like sweaters and a light jacket to stay warm. Since rain showers are common, don't forget to pack waterproof clothing, such as a reliable raincoat, and sturdy walking shoes to navigate wet streets comfortably. An umbrella, a hat to shield from both rain and cool winds, and gloves for chilly days will also come in handy.

Need help in planning a trip to Belgium in October?

Belgium in October unveils a wealth of experiences waiting to be explored. From the rich history and architectural marvels to the serene beauty of its countryside, this small yet diverse country offers something for every traveler. The combination of favorable weather, fewer crowds, and vibrant cultural events makes October an ideal time to visit.

If you are looking for a more personalized experience, contact our travel experts for a customized trip to Belgium. Our guide on planning a trip to Belgium will also come in handy during your trip to Belgium in October.

Belgium tours in October
Published by Astha Joshi, updated on June 11, 2024

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